Assessing (calculating) your cardiovascular health risk
A risk factor calculator is often used by doctors and nurses to predict the health risk for an individual. A score is calculated which takes into account all your risk factors, such as age, sex, smoking status, blood pressure, blood cholesterol level, etc. If you want to know your score, download risk calculator in the sub-menu of “patient info”. If you are at risk of developing a cardiovascular disease within the next 10 years, then treatment is advised.Treatments may include:
Do I need any further tests?
If you are diagnosed as having high blood pressure then you are likely to be examined by your doctor and have some routine tests, which include:
The purpose of the examination and tests is to:
How can blood pressure be lowered?
There are two ways in which blood pressure can be lowered: Modifications to lifestyle (weight, exercise, diet, salt, caffeine and alcohol), if any of these can be improved upon and Medication. Lifestyle treatments to lower high blood pressure
Lose weight if you are overweight
Losing some excess weight can make a big difference. Blood pressure can fall by up to 2.5/1.5 mm Hg for each excess kilogram, which is lost. Losing excess weight has other health benefits too.
Regular physical activity
If possible, aim to do some physical activity on five or more days of the week, for at least 30 minutes. For example: brisk walking, swimming, cycling, dancing, etc. Regular physical activity can lower blood pressure in addition to giving other health benefits. If you previously did little physical activity, and change to doing regular physical activity five times a week, it can reduce systolic blood pressure by 2-10 mm Hg.
Eat a healthy diet
Briefly, this means:
A healthy diet provides benefits in different ways. For example, it can lower cholesterol, help control your weight, and has plenty of vitamins, fibre, and other nutrients which help to prevent certain diseases. Some aspects of a healthy diet also directly affect blood pressure. For example, if you have a poor diet and change to a diet, which is low-fat, low-salt, and high in fruit and vegetables, it can lower systolic blood pressure by up to 11 mm Hg.