Many forms of kidney failure cannot be prevented. People who have diabetes, high blood pressure or coronary artery disease should try to control the illness with appropriate diet, medication and lifestyle changes. If chronic kidney failure already has developed, treating the other medical problems and avoiding other kidney injury (by avoiding certain medications, for example) may prevent worsening of kidney function. If you have chronic kidney failure, you should tell any physician who treats you so that he or she can avoid prescribing certain medicines or treatments.
Treatment depends on the type of kidney failure.
When To Call A Professional
Many people with acute renal failure already are hospitalized for their other medical conditions when kidney failure develops. Other people should call a health care professional whenever the amount of urine they produce either increases or decreases markedly. In people with decreased urine output, swelling of the face and ankles is another danger sign, especially if there is also shortness of breath. For people with chronic renal failure, it is a good idea to check with your health care professional whenever a new medication is prescribed.
Most children with acute renal failure have a good outlook for recovering their kidney function, although in rare cases, end-stage renal disease can develop. Among adults, the chances of recovery depend primarily on the underlying reason for acute renal failure rather than the renal failure itself. Among people who recover, about 50 percent have some permanent kidney damage, but in most cases, this is not severe enough to prevent them from living a normal life.
People with chronic renal failure may have a continuing decrease in kidney function, but not everyone develops end-stage renal disease. For those who do, the time it takes for end-stage renal disease to develop varies from person to person.