EXCHANGE LISTS FOR INDIANS WITH DIABETES
What are Exchange Lists?
Exchange lists are foods listed together under different food groups because each serving of a food has about the same amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and calories as the other foods on that list. Carbohydrates are found in mainly foods rich in starches and sugars, proteins are found mainly in meats, poultry, seafood, eggs, dairy and legumes and fats and oils are found mainly in butter, hydrogenated fats, margarine and all oils. Carbohydrates, proteins and fats yield calories and a person with diabetes must make sure that there is no overload of any or all of these nutrients in a day’s meal. That is why with an Exchange List, any food on the list can be exchanged or traded for any other food on the same list. Exchange lists and a meal plan can help you make healthy choices. There are three main groups – the Carbohydrate group, the Meat and Meat substitute group, and the Fat group. Foods in fat group are divided into monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and saturated fats.